阿里云ECS CentOS7.4 64位系统安装nginx

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下载

wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.10.3.tar.gz

解压

tar -zxvf nginx-1.10.3.tar.gz

源码编译准备

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/src/nginx --conf-path=/usr/local/src/nginx/nginx.conf 

安装 环境

yum -y install pcre-devel


yum install -y zlib-devel

编译

make

安装

make install

添加环境变量 nginx/sbin

启动

./nginx -c /usr/local/src/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

通过ps -A命令查看nginx进程状态,确认nginx已启动:

ps -A | grep nginx

此时,输入服务器域名或公网IP,可以nginx的欢迎页面,表明nginx web服务器已经成功安装

停止 nginx

ps -ef|grep nginx

从容停止Nginx:

kill -QUIT 主进程号  

例如:kill -QUIT 16391

快速停止Nginx:

kill -TERM 主进程号  

强制停止Nginx:

kill -9 主进程号

后面详细介绍一下配置文件

user www www;
worker_processes 2; #设置值和CPU核心数一致
error_log /usr/local/webserver/nginx/logs/nginx_error.log crit; #日志位置和日志级别
pid /usr/local/webserver/nginx/nginx.pid;
#Specifies the value for maximum file descriptors that can be opened by this process.
worker_rlimit_nofile 65535;
events
{
  use epoll;
  worker_connections 65535;
}
http
{
  include mime.types;
  default_type application/octet-stream;
  log_format main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
               '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
               '"$http_user_agent" $http_x_forwarded_for';
  
#charset gb2312;
     
  server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
  client_header_buffer_size 32k;
  large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;
  client_max_body_size 8m;
     
  sendfile on;
  tcp_nopush on;
  keepalive_timeout 60;
  tcp_nodelay on;
  fastcgi_connect_timeout 300;
  fastcgi_send_timeout 300;
  fastcgi_read_timeout 300;
  fastcgi_buffer_size 64k;
  fastcgi_buffers 4 64k;
  fastcgi_busy_buffers_size 128k;
  fastcgi_temp_file_write_size 128k;
  gzip on; 
  gzip_min_length 1k;
  gzip_buffers 4 16k;
  gzip_http_version 1.0;
  gzip_comp_level 2;
  gzip_types text/plain application/x-javascript text/css application/xml;
  gzip_vary on;
 
  #limit_zone crawler $binary_remote_addr 10m;
 #下面是server虚拟主机的配置
 server
  {
    listen 80;#监听端口
    server_name localhost;#域名
    index index.html index.htm index.php;
    root /usr/local/webserver/nginx/html;#站点目录
      location ~ .*\.(php|php5)?$
    {
      #fastcgi_pass unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock;
      fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
      fastcgi_index index.php;
      include fastcgi.conf;
    }
    location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf|ico)$
    {
      expires 30d;
  # access_log off;
    }
    location ~ .*\.(js|css)?$
    {
      expires 15d;
   # access_log off;
    }
    access_log off;
  }

}